T he Living Composers Project  

Ruzicka, Peter (b. July 3, 1948, Düsseldorf). Esteemed German composer of mostly orchestral, chamber, choral, and vocal works that have been performed throughout the world; he is also active as an administrator, conductor and writer.

Prof. Ruzicka initially studied music theory and piano with Peter Hartmann and oboe with Egbert Gutsch at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Hamburg from 1963–68. He later studied law and musicology in Munich, Hamburg and Berlin from 1968–76 and earned his doctorate under the supervision of Wilhelm Nordemann in 1977.

Among his many honors are the Kompositionspreis from the city of Stuttgart (1969, for Esta Noche [Trauermusik für die Opfer des Krieges in Vietnam]), a prize in the Bartók competition in Budapest (1970, for 2. Streichquartett, '...Fragment...' [withdrawn]) and a mention in the UNESCO International Rostrum of Composers (1971, for Metastrofe [Versuch eines Ausbruchs]). He has also received First Prize in the Gaudeamus competition (1972, for In processo di tempo...), the Bach-Preis-Stipendium from the city of Hamburg (1972) and the Louis Spohr Musikpreis Braunschweig (2004, for his œuvre and his promotion of new music). He has been a member of the Akademie der Künste in Munich since 1985 and of the Freie Akademie der Künste in Hamburg since 1987.

He has received commissions from the cities of Augsburg and Düsseldorf and from Bayerischer Rundfunk, the Berliner Festwochen, the Bundesjugendorchester, the Deutsche Oper Berlin, the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, and the Göttinger Symphonie Orchester. The Internationale Musikverlage Hans Sikorski, the Kölner Philharmonie, NDR, RIAS, the Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden, the Schleswig-Holstein Musikfestival, SDR, SWF, and WDR have also commissioned him.

As an administrator, he served as artistic director of the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin from 1979–87, as director of the Staatsoper Hamburg and the Hamburger Staatsphilharmoniker from 1988–97 and as artistic advisor of the Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest in Amsterdam from 1997–99. He has served as artistic director of the Biennale München since 1996 and as president of the Bayerische Akademie für Theater since 1999 and served as artistic director of the Salzburger Festspiele from 2001–06.

As a conductor, he has often led orchestras in his own music, as well as works by 20th-century composers, such as Hans Werner Henze, Helmut Lachenmann, Gustav Mahler, Allan Pettersson, and Franz Schreker. He has worked with orchestras in Austria, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, and Portugal.

As a writer, he has contributed more than 50 articles to leading publications, many of which appear in the collection Erfundene und gefundene Musik (1998, edited by Thomas Schäfer, Wolke Verlag).

He has taught as Professor für Kulturmanagement at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Hamburg since 1990.

Internationale Musikverlage Hans Sikorski publishes his music. In addition to the works listed below, Prof. Ruzicka prepared an edition of the Klavierquartett by Gustav Mahler in 1973.

CONTACT INFORMATION

E-mail address: Peter.Ruzicka@t-online.de

Website: http://www.peter-ruzicka.de/

SELECT LIST OF WORKS

STAGE: Outside-Inside (Modelle für musikalisches Theater) (vocalise), female voice, 3 actors, cello, piano (+ electronic organ), 3 percussion, tape, 1972; Celan (Musiktheater in sieben Entwürfen) (text by Peter Mussbach), boy soprano, lyric soprano, 3 sopranos, mezzo-soprano, alto, soubrette, 2 tenors, 4 baritones, 2 basses, silent character, actress, 2 actors, mixed chorus, moving mixed chorus, orchestra, 1998–99; Hölderlin, eine Expedition (Musiktheater in vier Akten) (text by Peter Mussbach), 6 female voices, 7 male voices, mixed chorus, large orchestra, 2006–07

ORCHESTRAL: Metastrofe (Versuch eines Ausbruchs), large orchestra (87 players), 1971; In processo di tempo... (Materialien), cello, small orchestra (26 players), tape, 1971; Torso (Materialien), 3 orchestral groups (74 total players), tape recorder (with 2 loudspeakers), 1973; Versuch (Sieben Stücke), 42 strings, 1970–74; Befragung (Fünf Stücke), large orchestra (74 players), noise generator, 1974; Abbrüche (Neun Phasen), large orchestra (88 players), 1977–78; Annäherung und Stille (Vier Fragmente über Schumann), piano, 42 strings, 1981; ...den Impuls zum Weitersprechen erst empfinge... (Musik), viola, large orchestra (69 players), 1981; Satyagraha (Annäherung und Entfernung), distant trumpet, large orchestra (79 players), 1984 (also version for small orchestra [17 players], 1995); Fünf Bruchstücke, large orchestra (79 players), 1984–87; Metamorphosen über ein Klangfeld von Joseph Haydn, 3 off-stage trumpets/tape, large orchestra (67 players), 1990; ...das Gesegnete, das Verfluchte..., large orchestra (79 players), 1991; Tallis (Einstrahlungen), large orchestra (79 players), 1993; Nachtstück (– aufgegebenes Werk), large orchestra (69 players), 1997; ...Vorgefühle..., 1998 (section of Celan Symphonie; may be performed separately); Nachklang (Spiegel), 1999 (section of Celan Symphonie; may be performed separately); Erinnerung (Spuren), clarinet, large orchestra (72 players), tape, 2000; Memorial, large orchestra (82 players), 2001; Affluence, distant trumpet, large orchestra (88 players), 2003; ...ins Offene... (Musik), 22 strings, 2004–05; Vorecho (Acht Ansätze), large orchestra, 2005, revised 2007; Maelstrom, large orchestra, 2007

CHAMBER MUSIC: Drei Szenen, clarinet, 1967; Sonata per violoncello, 1969; Introspezione (1. Streichquartett) (Dokumentation), string quartet, 1969–70; Stress, 8 percussion ensembles (8 total players), 1972; Stille (Vier Epiloge), cello, 1976; ...über ein Verschwinden (3. Streichquartett), string quartet, 1992; Tombeau, flute (+ alto flute, bass flute), string quartet, 2000; Sturz (5. Streichquartett), string quartet, 2004; Nachschrift (Drei Stücke), cello, piano, 2008

CHORAL: Sinfonia (vocalise), 16 mixed voices, 6 percussion, 25 strings, 1971, revised 1974; Feed Back (vocalise), 6 mixed voice-speakers, 4 orchestral groups (73 total players), 1972; Emanazione (vocalise), flute, 6 mixed voices, 4 orchestral groups (56 total players), 1975; Gestalt und Abbruch (Sieben Fragmente) (text by Paul Celan), 16 mixed voices, 1979; ...Inseln, randlos... (text by Paul Celan), violin, 16 mixed voices, large orchestra (67 players), 1994–95; Recherche (– im Innersten) (text from the word "Jerusalem"), mixed chorus, orchestra, 1998

VOCAL: Esta Noche (Trauermusik für die Opfer des Krieges in Vietnam) (cantata, text by Jesús López-Pacheco), alto/tenor, flute, English horn, viola, cello, 1967; Todesfuge (scene, text by Paul Celan), alto, speaker, flute, clarinet, violin, viola, cello, 2 tapes, 1969–70; ...der die Gesänge zerschlug (Stele für Paul Celan) (text by Paul Celan), baritone, flute (+ bass flute), clarinet (+ bass clarinet), trumpet, harp, string quartet, double bass, piano, 2 percussion, 1985; Acht Gesänge nach Fragmenten von Nietzsche (text by Friedrich Nietzsche), mezzo-soprano/baritone, piano, 1992, revised 1997, 2007 (also version as Die Sonne sinkt [Acht Gesänge nach Fragmenten von Nietzsche], mezzo-soprano/baritone, large orchestra [65 players], 1997–2007); ...sich verlierend (4. Streichquartett) (texts by Cesare Pavese, Ingeborg Bachmann, Theodor W. Adorno, Hugo von Hofmannsthal), male speaker, string quartet, 1996; Celan Symphonie (text by Paul Celan), mezzo-soprano, baritone, large orchestra, 1998–2002 (two sections may be performed separately: ...Vorgefühle...; Nachklang [Spiegel]); ...und möchtet ihr an mich die Hände legen... (Fünf Fragmente von Hölderlin) (text by Friedrich Hölderlin), baritone, piano, 2006–07; Erinnerung und Vergessen (6. Streichquartett), soprano, string quartet, 2008

PIANO: Ausgeweidet die Zeit... (Drei Nachtstücke), 1969; Préludes (Sechs Stücke), 1987; Parergon (Sechs Skizzen zu 'Höderlin'), 2006

ORGAN: Z-Zeit, 1975

DISCOGRAPHY (as composer)

Gestalt und Abbruch (Sieben Fragmente). Clytus Gottwald/Schola Cantorum Stuttgart (Harmonia Mundi: 1027) (LP)

Esta Noche (Trauermusik für die Opfer des Krieges in Vietnam). Mechthild Stock, alto; Gerhard Otto, flute; Egbert Gutsch, English horn; Paul Kohnen, viola; Gerhart Stenzel, cello (Metronome/Stern: 121 122) (LP)

Drei Szenen (nos. 2, 3). Daniel Bollinger, clarinet (AMP: 5056)

...der die Gesänge zerschlug (Stele für Paul Celan). Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, baritone; Ernest Bour/Ensemble Modern (Ars Musica: AM 0825)

Acht Gesänge nach Fragmenten von Nietzsche (nos. 1–6). Christiane Iven, mezzo-soprano; Thomas Grubmüller, piano (Ars Musica: AM 2066)

Sinfonia; Feed Back; Befragung (Fünf Stücke); Metamorphosen über ein Klangfeld von Joseph Haydn. Michael Gielen/Südfunk-Chor, Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart; Ernest Bour/members of the Zürcher Kammersprechchor, SWR-Sinfonieorchester; Moshe Atzmon/NDR-Sinfonieorchester; Gerd Albrecht/Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester (CPO: 999 053)

...das Gesegnete, das Verfluchte. Peter Ruzicka/Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin (CPO: 999 095)

Introspezione (1. Streichquartett) (Dokumentation); Ausgeweidet die Zeit... (Drei Nachtstücke); Sonata per violoncello; Stille (Vier Epiloge); Préludes (Sechs Stücke). Matthias Lorenz, cello; Carol Tainton, piano; Hamburger Streichquartett (Musikproduktion Dabringhaus und Grimm: MDG 625 0549-2)

Introspezione (1. Streichquartett) (Dokumentation); ...Fragment... (2. Streichquartett) (withdrawn); Klangschatten (withdrawn); ...über ein Verschwinden (3. Streichquartett); ...sich verlierend (4. Streichquartett). Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, speaker; Arditti String Quartet (ECM New Series: 1694)

...Fragment... (2. Streichquartett) (withdrawn). Ute Sauerbrey, Susanne Yablonski, violins; Manon Gerhardt, viola; Cosima Gerhardt, cello (Harmonia Mundi: 2058)

Annäherung und Stille (Vier Fragmente über Schumann); Satyagraha (Annäherung und Entfernung); Fünf Bruchstücke; Préludes (Sechs Stücke). David Levine, piano; Peter Ruzicka/Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin (Koch/Schwann: 1108)

Z-Zeit. Friedemann Herz, organ (Koch/Schwann: 1389)

Torso (Materialien); Etym (withdrawn); Annäherung und Stille; ...das Gesegnete, das Verfluchte; Tallis (Einstrahlungen). Justus Frantz, piano; Philipp Moll, piano, celesta; Lucas Vis/Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester; Peter Ruzicka/Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, NDR-Sinfonieorchester; Günther Herbig/SWF-Sinfonieorchester; Semyon Bychkov/orchestra of Bayerischer Rundfunk (Thorofon: CTH 2220)

...Inseln, randlos...; ...Vorgefühle...; Gestalt und Abbruch (Sieben Fragmente); Die Sonne sinkt (Acht Gesänge nach Fragmenten von Nietzsche) (nos. 1–6). Andreas Schmidt, baritone; Christian Tetzlaff, violin; Werner Hagen/NDR-Chor; Vladimir Ashkenazy/RIAS-Kammerchor, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin; Peter Ruzicka/Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester Frankfurt, Schleswig-Holstein Festival Orchester (Thorofon: CTH 2402)

Metastrofe (Versuch eines Ausbruchs); ...Fragment... (2. Streichquartett) (withdrawn); Stress; In processo di tempo... (Materialien); Bewegung (withdrawn). Claus Kanngiesser, cello; Westphal-Quartett; Percussionsensemble Siegfried Fink; Michael Gielen, Peter Ruzicka/Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin (Wergo: WER 286071)

Emanazione; Abbrüche (Neun Phasen); ...den Impuls zum Weitersprechen erst empfinge (Musik); Metamorphosen über ein Klangfeld von Joseph Haydn. Karl Bernhard Sebon, flute; Wolfram Christ, viola; Riccardo Chailly, Cristóbal Halffter, Peter Ruzicka/Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin (Wergo: WER 286518)

Tallis (Einstrahlungen). Giuseppe Sinopoli/Israel Philharmonic Orchestra (amado DVD-classics) (DVD)

(Last updated on September 1, 2008)


Peter Ruzicka, Peter Rutzicka, Peter Rusicka, Peter Rutsicka, Peter Růžička