Schidlowsky, León (b. July 21, 1931, Santiago). Renowned Chilean-born Israeli composer of mostly orchestral, chamber, choral, vocal, piano, and graphic-multimedia works that have been performed throughout the world; he is also active as a painter.
Prof. Schidlowsky had secondary studies at the Instituto Nacional de Chile in Santiago from 1940–47 and studied piano with Roberto Duncker at the Conservatorio Nacional de Chile in Santiago from 1942–48, where he earned a diploma. He later studied composition with Adolfo Allende and Fré Focke, as well as harmony, philosophy and psychology at the Universidad de Chile in Santiago from 1948–52. He finished his studies in Germany at the Musikhochschule Detmold from 1952–54.
Among his many honors are various prizes in Chile (1957–67), the Guggenheim Fellowship (1968), First Prize in the competition of the Hecht Foundation (1977, for Rising Night after Night) and two residencies in Berlin from the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (1980–81, 1992–93). He most recently received First Prize in the 60th anniversary competition of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra (1996, for Absalom) and the ACUM Prize (2000, for his entire oeuvre). His music has represented Israel at the UNESCO International Rostrum of Composers (1971, for Babi Yar; 1978, for Dadayamasong) and the Prix Italia (1976, for Citizen 1230316).
The Bramfelder Kantorei, the British Council, the Foundation of Israeli Composers, the Fundación Carlos Riesco (Chile), the Inter-American Festival (USA), the Israel Broadcasting Company, the Jerusalem Festival, and the Latin-American Festival (USA) have commissioned him. The National Council for Culture and Art (Israel), NDR, conductor Hermann Scherchen, bass clarinettist Harry Sparnaay, the Tel-Aviv Foundation for Literature and Art, the organization Testimonium (III, IV and VI), and the Universidad Católica de Santiago (Chile) have also commissioned works from him.
He has participated in festivals, symposia and workshops in Argentina, Chile, the Czech Republic, Germany, Israel, Peru, Poland, Spain, the UK, the USA, and Venezuela. His graphic scores have been exhibited at the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (1979), the Kunsthaus Hamburg (1980), the Galerie Schaller (1980), the Wilhelm-Hack-Museum in Ludwigshafen (1982), and the Staatliches Museum in Saarbrücken (1995). They were also the focus of concerts in Berlin, Hamburg, Ludwigshafen, and Stuttgart from 1979–82, in Berlin from 1990–2000 and in 2006, in Saarbrücken in 1995, and in Würstburg in 1997. Exhibitions of his paintings were held at the Adlershof-Galerie in Berlin in 1993 and at the Chilean Embassy in Tel-Aviv in 2002.
Prof. Schidlowsky is also active in other positions. He was a member of the avant-garde ensemble Agrupación Tonus in Santiago from 1955–59 and served as its director from 1959–61 and was also a member of the British Council in Santiago from 1955–59. He served as a musical advisor to the Noiswander Grupo de Pantomimes in Santiago from 1956–61 and as director of the music library at the Instituto de Extensión Musical in Santiago in 1961–62, of which he then served as director-general from 1962–66. He also served as secretary-general of the Asociación Nacional de Compositores in Santiago from 1961–63.
He taught music education at the Instituto Hebreo in Santiago from 1955–61 and taught as a professor of composition at the Universidad de Chile from 1965–68. He has taught at the Rubin Academy of Music of Tel-Aviv University since 1969, where he was Professor of Composition and Music Theory from 1969–84 and has been Adjunct Full Professor since 1984. In addition, he lectured on his music at Lund University in Sweden in 1988 and 1992 and at the Institut für Neue Musik in Berlin in 1992 and on Arnold Schoenberg at the Internationale-Schönberg-Gesellschaft in Austria in 1991. He gave a masterclass in Vienna in 1995 in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Rubin Academy of Music and lectured at the Curso Internacional de Composición in Zaragoza in 1996–97.
He has lived in Israel since 1968.
He is the father of the writer David Schidlowsky and the grandfather of the pianist Rachel Schidlowsky and the violinist Semadar Schidlowsky.
E-mail address: email@example.com
Street address: Prof. León Schidlowsky, 4/26 Harav Uziel St., Tel-Aviv 62333, Israel
Telephone/fax: + 9723 0605 5416
SELECT LIST OF WORKS
STAGE: Die Menschen (4 act opera, libretto by the composer, after Walter Hasenclever), 1969; Der Dibbuk (3 act opera, libretto by the composer, after Shlomo An-Ski), 1993; Before Breakfast (1 act opera, libretto by the composer, after Eugene O'Neill), 1998
ORCHESTRAL: Requiem (text by Rainer Maria Rilke), soprano, orchestra, 1954; Oda a la tierra (text by the composer), 2 speakers, orchestra, 1958; Tríptico, 1959; La noche de cristal (symphony, text from a traditional Jewish prayer), tenor, male chorus, orchestra, 1961; Eróstrato, 40 percussion, 1962; Amatorias (text by Vicente Huidobro), tenor, string orchestra, 1963; De profundis, soprano, alto, tenor, flute, oboe, bass clarinet, alto saxophone, trumpet, trombone, string orchestra, 1963; Invocación (text by the composer), soprano, speaker, orchestra, 1964; Nueva York, 1965; Visiones, 12 strings, 1966; Epitafio para Hermann Scherchen, 1967; Kaddish, cello, orchestra, 1967; Jeremias (text from the Bible), mixed chorus, string orchestra, 1968; Amereida, 1965–69 (each of its three sections may be performed separately: Llaqui [elegy, text by Javier Heraud], speaker, orchestra, 1965; Memento [text by Javier Heraud], soprano, orchestra, 1967; Ecce Homo [text by the composer], alto, orchestra, 1969); Serenata, small orchestra, 1970; Babi Yar, piano, percussion, string orchestra, 1971; Tel-Aviv, 1971; In Eius Memoriam, 1973; Monumentum (text by the composer), soprano, alto, baritone, speaker, orchestra, 1973; Akiba ben Yosef (cantata, text by Recha Freier), soprano, alto, baritone, speaker, mixed chorus, orchestra, 1974; Homenaje a Neruda (text by the composer), mixed chorus, orchestra, 1975
ORCHESTRAL: Rising Night after Night (cantata, text by Abba Kovner), soprano, tenor, bass, speaker, children's chorus, mixed chorus, orchestra, 1977; Trilogy, 1976–78 (each of its three sections may be performed separately: Prelude to a Drama, 1976; Lux in tenebris, 1977; Canticum, 1978); Adieu (text by Arthur Penn), mezzo-soprano, small orchestra, 1982; Ode (texts from liturgical sources), mixed chorus, trombone, harp, piano, organ, harmonium, celesta, percussion, string orchestra, 1983; Laude (text from Psalm 130), mixed chorus, organ, small orchestra, 1984; Amerindia, 1982–85 (each of its five sections may be performed separately: Preludio, orchestra, 1982; Los heraldos negros [text by César Vallejo], speaker, orchestra, 1983; Sacsahuamán, orchestra, 1983; Era el crepúsculo de la iguana [text by Pablo Neruda], speaker, orchestra, 1985; Yo vengo a hablar [text by Pablo Neruda], speaker, orchestra, 1983); Balada, violin, orchestra, 1985; Exequiae (text by David Schidlowsky), mixed chorus, orchestra, 1986; Elegy, 1988; Laudatio, 1988; Kaleidoscope, 1989; Prelude, 1990; Exhortatio, 1991; Polyphony VII, 1991; Salmos (text from the Bible [Spanish translation]), mixed chorus, orchestra, 1991; Carrera (text by Pablo Neruda), speaker, orchestra, 1993; Sealed Room, small orchestra (12 players), 1993
ORCHESTRAL: I will lay mine hand upon my mouth, 1994; Silvestre Revueltas (oratorio, text by Pablo Neruda), speaker, 9 mixed voices, small orchestra, 1994; Absalom, large orchestra, 1996; Dark Night, string orchestra, 1997; De profundis, string orchestra, 1997; Mahnmal – Memorial, 1999; The Sacrifice of Isaac I (text from the Bible [Hebrew translation]), tenor, bass, speaker, mixed chorus, orchestra, 1999; The Sacrifice of Isaac II (text from the Bible [German translation]), tenor, bass, speaker, mixed chorus, orchestra, 1999; Evocación, small orchestra, 2000; Meditaciones, small orchestra, 2000; In memoriam Jorge Peña (text by the composer), speaker, orchestra, 2001; Adagio, small orchestra, 2002; Vox clamantis in deserto, 2002; And death shall have no dominion, large orchestra, 2003; Expectra, 2003; Sunrise, 2004; Sunset, 2004; Introitus, large orchestra, 2005; Job, large orchestra, 2005; L'inferno, large orchestra, 2005; In memoriam G. Ligeti, large orchestra, 2006; The voice of the wind, large orchestra, 2006; Constellations, 2006; Eros & Thanatos, large orchestra, 2007
CHAMBER MUSIC: Elegía, flute/clarinet, string quartet, 1952; Trío, flute, cello, piano, 1955; Cuarteto mixto, flute, clarinet, violin, cello, 1956; Concierto para seis instrumentos, clarinet, bass clarinet, trumpet, piano, timpani, xylophone, 1957; Cuatro Miniaturas, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 1957; In memoriam, clarinet, percussion, 1957; Isla negra, flute, 1959; Soliloquios, clarinet, harp, guitar, cello, piano, celesta, vibraphone, 2 percussion, 1961; Eclosión, 8 players, 1967; Cuarteto de cuerdas, string quartet, 1967; Hexáforos, 6 percussion, 1968; Interludio, guitar, 1968; Quinteto, flute, oboe, clarinet, French horn, bassoon, 1968; Sexteto, flute, clarinet, bass clarinet, piano, xylophone, percussion, 1969; Trigon, violin, cello, piano, 1971; Kolot – Voices, harp, 1971; Invention, flute, piano, 1975; Images, 8 strings, 1978; Eclipse, bass clarinet, ensemble, 1983 (its cadenza may be performed separately); Piano Quartet, violin, viola, cello, piano, 1988; String Quartet, 1988; Five Pieces for Harp, 1990; Shadows II, ensemble, 1990; In memoriam Luigi Nono, viola, cello, double bass, 1991
CHAMBER MUSIC: In memoriam, cello, piano, percussion, 1996; Threnos, flute, viola, percussion, 1996; Septimino, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, French horn, trumpet, trombone, 1998; Seven Nocturnes, violin, piano, 1998; Three Dialogues, 2 violins, 2000; Quartet, string quartet, 2001; Secret Garden, flute, oboe, clarinet, bass clarinet, harp, 2003; Tango, violin, piano, 2003; Trio, violin, viola, cello, 2003; Quartet, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 2004; Partita, clarinet, 2004; Quintet, flute, oboe, clarinet, French horn, bassoon, 2004; Sextet, oboe, bassoon, cello, 3 percussion, 2004; Septet, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, violin, viola, cello, 2004; Intermezzo, 4 mandolins, 2004; Inventions, oboe, clarinet, cello, 2004; Resonances, violin, cello, piano, 2005; Toccata, piano, percussion, 2005
CHORAL: Canciones de amor (text by Pierre Louÿs), speaker, mixed chorus, 1957; Caupolicán (epic narrative, text by Pablo Neruda), speaker, mixed chorus, 2 pianos, 6 percussion, 1958; Three Hebrew Pieces (text from the Bible), mixed chorus, 1966; Imprecasiones (text by the composer), mixed chorus, 1968; Requiem for Choir a Cappella, mixed chorus, 1968; Eli, Eli, lama azavtnai (text from the Bible), 12 mixed voices, 1970; Nacht (text by the composer), mixed chorus, 1979; Missa in Nomine Bach (text from the Mass), mixed chorus, 8 players, 1984; Bereshit (text from the Bible), children's chorus, 1985; An den Knaben Elis (text by Georg Trakl), mixed chorus, 3 percussion, 1992; Laudate, mixed chorus, 1995; Three psalms and a prayer (text from the Bible), mixed chorus, 2004; Libera me Domini (text from the Mass), mixed chorus, 2004
VOCAL: Drei Liebeslieder (text by Georg Trakl), voice, piano, 1953; Zwei Lieder vom Tode, voice, piano, 1954; Epitafio a Vicente Huidobro (text by Vicente Huidobro), soprano, flute, vibraphone, xylophone, percussion, 1955; Tres Poemas (texts by Federico García Lorca, Vicente Huidobro), voice, piano, 1955; Cantata negra (text by Blaise Cendrars), tenor, piano, 6 percussion, 1958; Dos Salmos (text by Georg Trakl), alto, clarinet, bass clarinet, violin, cello, 1962; Zwei Lieder (text by Georg Trakl), tenor, harp, celesta, vibraphone, percussion, 1962; Zwei Lieder (text by Georg Trakl), tenor, piano, 1962; Tres Canciones de amor, tenor, piano, 1963; Tres Versos del capitán (text by Pablo Neruda), tenor, 6 percussion, 1966; Estudiante baleado (text by Fernando Rojas), voice, piano, 1967; Lyrik (text by Else Lasker-Schüler), soprano, 5 percussion, 1969; Grabstein für Else Lasker-Schüler (text by Else Lasker-Schüler), countertenor, 5 percussion, 1998; Lamento (text by Heinrich Heine), countertenor, ensemble, 1998; Si muero (text by Federico García Lorca), speaker, flute, harp, organ, 1998; The Song of Sorrow (text by Giuseppe Ungaretti), soprano, French horn, harp, cello, 2002; Two songs (text by Dylan Thomas), soprano, clarinet, bassoon, violin, cello, piano, 2005; Two songs (texts by William Blake, Walter Savage Landor), voice, clarinet, violin, cello, 2006
PIANO: Seis Miniaturas, 1952; Tres Trozos, 1952; Ocho Estructuras, 1955; Cinco Piezas, 1956; Actus, 1972; Trilogy, 2 pianos, 1990; Toccata, 1991
ORGAN: Christus im Holocaust, 2001
ELECTROACOUSTIC: Nacimiento, tape, 1956; Citizen 1230316, tape, 1976
FILM SCORES (DIRECTOR): Dulce patria, 1959 (Fernando Balmaceda; collaboration with Fernando García) (lost); La ciencia universitaria y la industria, 1959 (Juan Morales; collaboration with Fernando García) (lost)
GRAPHIC/MULTIMEDIA: Constellation I, any player, 1969; Arcanos, percussion, 1971; Constellation II, string orchestra, 1971; Mein Gott, mein Gott, warum hast Du mich verlassen (text from the Bible [German translation]), 3 sopranos, 3 altos, 3 tenors, 3 basses, 1971; Meshulash – Triangle, violin, viola, cello, 1971; Acting, orchestra, 1972; Actions for Piano, 1972; An Anna Blume (text by Kurt Schwitters), soprano, alto, baritone, 1972; He engraves signs into the heavenly sphere (text by Gershom Sholem), voice, percussion, 1972; Hommage to Picasso (text by Gertrude Stein), voice, 1972; Verrà la morte (monodrama, text by Cesare Pavese), voice, percussion, 1972; Ballade (text from a Tamil source), voice, clàrsach (Celtic harp), 1973; Documenta 73, 1973 (each of its three sections may be performed separately: Signals, 2 pianos; De profundis [text by Carlos de Rokha], voice, tubular bells; Momentum [text from an anonymous source], voice, piano, organ, celesta, 3 percussion); Tetralog, 1972–74 (each of its four sections may be performed separately: Music for Piano and Winds; Music for Piano and Strings; Music for Piano and Percussion; Music for Piano and Voice); Eleven Tombstones (texts by Bertolt Brecht, Dylan Thomas, anonymous sources, the Bible), alto, French horn, 2 trumpets, trombone, tuba, percussion, tape, 1974; Ritual, percussion, 1974; Dadayamasong (text by Franz Mehring), soprano, any saxophone, piano, percussion, 1975; Three Structures and One Scene (texts from Kabala sources, Gertrude Stein, Kurt Schwitters), mixed chorus, percussion, tape, 1975
GRAPHIC/MULTIMEDIA: Aria (text by Ethel Rosenberg), voice, 1976; Chanson (text by Paul Éluard), voice, tam-tam, 1976; Golem (text by the composer), 7 mixed voices, tape, 1976; Schatten, 7 violins, 7 celli, 7 double basses, 7 tubular bells (+ 7 gongs) (1 player), 1976; Annabel Lee (text by Edgar Allan Poe), any voice, tape, 1977; Missa Sine Nomine, 1977 (each of its eleven sections [all with slide projections] may be performed separately: Bereschít bará elohím et haschamáim weét haáretz [text from the Bible], 2 mixed choruses, percussion; Kyrie eleison, large mixed chorus; Lied [text by George Grosz], speaker, organ; Gloria, large mixed chorus, 4 gongs [1 player]; Chile [text by the composer], 20 mixed voices; Credo, speaker, large mixed chorus, organ, 4 bass drums [1 player]; Benedictus, 36 mixed voices, 4 suspended cymbals [1 player]; Ich komme [text by Vladimir Mayakovsky], 36 mixed voices; Dona nobis pacem, large mixed chorus; Babel [text from the Bible], 6 sopranos, 6 altos, 4 tenors, 4 basses; Epilog [text from the Bible], speaker, small mixed chorus, large mixed chorus, organ, 4 percussion); Sound Poem (text by Hugo Ball), alto, piano, 1977; Trilogy (texts by Paul Éluard, Franz Mehring), tenor, percussion, ensemble, 1977; Palindrom (vocalise), female chorus, 1979; Deutschland, ein Wintermärchen, soloist, speaker, mixed chorus, piano, percussion ensemble, 1979
GRAPHIC/MULTIMEDIA: Der schwarze Gott (text by Klabund [Alfred Henschke]), female chorus, flute, harp, organ, 1980; Gilgul, piano, 1980; Toccata, percussion, 1983; A man between stones, 4 stones (+ percussion) (1 player), 1987; Five Graphic Works, 1985–90 (each of its sections may be performed separately: Prelude [vocalise], mixed chorus, piano, organ, harpsichord, celesta; Für Klavier, piano; Motu propio, mixed chorus, percussion; Voices [vocalise], mixed chorus; Choral [text from the Bible], mixed chorus, piano, organ, harpsichord, celesta, percussion); Am Grabs Kafka (text by Franz Kafka), female voice (+ crotales), slide projections, 1997; Greise sind die Sterne geworden – eine moderne Passion (texts by Heinrich Heine, Georg Trakl, Else Lasker-Schüler, Mascha Kaléko, Erich Fried, M. Gaztrum, Novalis, the Bible), soprano, alto, baritone, speaker, mixed chorus, piano, organ, harpsichord, celesta, 3 percussion, 1997
(Last updated on November 10, 2007)